What is this place? Cafe? Bar? Church?

Photos by Stafford Squirer

Part of a growing movement to find new ways of doing and being church, Luther's Table in Renton, Washington, is a venue that defies description, a cafe/bar/nightclub/hub that just happens to be a church.

At the intersection of two downtown streets in workaday Renton, Washington, across from the sandy-bricked Renton High School and around the corner from a Safeway superstore, theres a venue that defies definition.

We get asked every day, What is this place? said Gretchen Mertes of Luthers Table, a cafe-cum-bar-cum-nightclub-cum-community hub that just happens to be run by a Lutheran church.

At a recent open-mic night, an audience of 75 listened as eight performers took turns on the stage, strumming guitars and crooning to the crowd. It's among the most popular weekly events on a schedule that includes Theology Pub (Were taking this Bible study to the bar, reads an event description) and Socrates Cafe, which smiles upon contemporary philosophizing.

Some performers show up to sing every week, belting out everything from Bruno Mars to Simon & Garfunkel. Others, like a trio of two men and a woman, were first-timers, harmonizing, How did you love me, Jesus? Ill never know why you loved me so.

Jesus references tend to make Mertes cringe, although any kind of lyrics are fair game provided they're family-friendly. Its not that Mertes, 40, is anti-Jesus -- far from it.

Gretchen Mertes
Gretchen Mertes

She is, in fact, an ordained pastor in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and the mission developer-pastor at Luthers Table, part of a growing movement nationwide to find new ways of doing and being church.

Even so, Mertes is careful to tread lightly when negotiating the establishment's very different roles of church and restaurant. She wants people to feel welcome, particularly those for whom church is a struggle. The kitchen, for example, is closed on Sundays when worship services are held. The scheduling is intentional.

There's never a bait-and-switch, where people come in and we say, Here's your beer … and here's your Bible, Mertes said. By keeping those things separate, we avoid confusion. We only have church services when we are closed, closed, closed.

Its important to delineate the space between sacred and secular because Luthers Table exists primarily to provide a place for those who feel alienated by conventional church services.

Its kind of weird to go to church when you dont have a relationship with God, said Mertes, a self-described foul-mouthed, tattooed mother of two. This is a place for people who got burned by church. This is an in-between spot.

One church closes, another steps in

How this place achieved that middle ground is the story of one church closing and another stepping in to expand its reach, albeit in an unconventional way. Luthers Table occupies the former site of Renton Lutheran, a blue-collar church that had its heyday in the 1960s and 1970s.

By the time the Rev. Martha Myers took over in 1983, the congregation was losing membership. The neighborhood around the church was changing, urbanizing.

After her first year, Myers told the bishop, I cant save this congregation. What do you expect me to do?  He said, I expect you to preach the gospel and love the people. And she responded, That I can do.

Myers continued preaching to a congregation hungry for Christian education. But funds dwindled. Renton Lutheran went into survival mode. They looked to the future -- and the past -- and assessed their core values.

Virtually from its inception, the church had always maintained several apartments to help house the area's booming population. The congregation decided that transitional housing would be a priority; they also yearned for what Myers called a cutting-edge church piece, although they didn't know what form it might take.

By 2006, Renton Lutheran, gently encouraged by the Northwest Washington Synod, had decided to close. This was not news to the neighboring Lutheran congregations that had helped strategize solutions over the years. One of them, St. Matthews Lutheran Church, was asked by the synod to take the lead in reinventing Renton Lutheran.

St. Matthews had a history of developing missions, and it worked with a team from the other churches and the synod to honor Renton Lutheran's legacy. They would demolish the building, which had fallen into disrepair. In a nod to the importance Renton Lutheran had placed on housing, they would work with a nonprofit and the Veterans Administration to establish veterans housing on the top floors of the new building. The bottom floor would support a new church model: a church that really wasn't a church at all.

Mertes, a member of the St. Matthews pastoral staff since 2006, was part of the committee that was brainstorming ideas for Renton Lutheran's redevelopment and proposed a bar, with food and music.

Conversations about things that actually matter

I've had more meaningful conversations about life and faith and things that actually matter in bars once people find out what I do than Ive ever had in my church office, Mertes said. I thought, What if we could create that ethos of freedom of conversation outside a church but in a place where pastors are still around?

It seemed to make sense.

So many people think that God is only active within church walls, but God is everywhere, Mertes said. At a bar, people naturally relax. We had the idea that this place can be a middle ground. We can create a place where they can express their faith or lack thereof safely.

The synod was supportive.

We live in a time when we really need to experiment, said the Rev. Jerry Buss, the synods director for evangelical mission. We don't really know anymore what will lead to the impact we hope for. We need to try things that look more traditional and things that look more unusual.

Luther's Table is certainly unusual, considering its juxtaposition of Jesus and juice, Bible and beer. Many churchgoers might think the association odd, even inappropriate, but to St. Matthew's, it feels just right.

Renton is on the outskirts of Seattle, birthplace of Jimi Hendrix and grunge band Nirvana, and one of the most unchurched areas in the country. For years, St. Matthews had dreamed of supporting a venue where bands could play, a laid-back, accepting sort of place where people could connect about things that matter and have the sorts of conversations that our frenetic, 24/7 world doesnt often allow.

Our goal is to have people engage, said Mertes, whose arms are decorated with tattoos, including one of Moses and the burning bush, a reminder that God is not always where you expect God to be.

At Luthers Table, God -- or Jesus, more precisely -- is right next to the bar. When Renton Lutheran was torn down, St. Matthews attempted to salvage as much as possible. That included glossy pews that now serve as restaurant benches, Renton Lutheran's cornerstone, and a stained-glass portrait of Jesus -- Renton Lutherans only stained-glass art -- that was installed to the right of the beer taps.

Where else would Jesus be?

Where else would Jesus be but at the intersection of sacred and secular? Mertes said. Jesus wanted to hang out with the tax collectors and sinners. He didnt want to hang out with church people.

Reformation leader Martin Luther acknowledged alcohols ability to encourage conversation and often invited students over for a pint of his wifes ale and some theological repartee around the table -- hence the restaurants name, Luthers Table.

We lead from Martin Luthers example and invite people to gather around the table with beer or coffee, said Jon Glenn, who runs marketing and fundraising for the cafe. We are using beer and food and coffee to create community, to stir up conversations. Beer and food and coffee are social lubricants. If we can gather people around the table, we can create an opportunity for conversation that can change the community.

Alex Gonzalez
Alex Gonzalez

Alex Gonzalez, 20, is one of those whove gathered around the table. He dropped by for the first time two years ago after a friend told him about Luther's Table. A guitar player, he's now a regular at the Thursday open-mic jam and occasionally attends the Sunday church service, where the songs are more likely to be drawn from the radio than the hymnal.

I dont think God necessarily works the best through horrible praise music, Mertes said. Its a lot more effective to get up and sing Alanis Morissette sometimes.

For Gonzalez, the music was a motivator.

This was a lot more relatable for me than other churches Id been to, because I connected through the music, he said. The group was smaller, more intimate, and people shared their stories.

In the three years its been open, Luthers Table has left its mark on Renton. With its downtown location, its a convenient place for business and community leaders to hold meetings; recently, the mayor and police chief lunched there. But its also a place where people who aren't power brokers are welcome; during the first two hours after Luthers Table opens for business, homeless people can drop by for a free cup of coffee.

Charitable charity, precarious finances

Its also a charity thats charitable, helping keep other nonprofits afloat. As a no-tipping establishment, Luthers Table accepts donations. Each month, Mertes cuts a check for a third of the collections and presents it to an unsuspecting nonprofit.

That generosity belies the precarious financial situation in which Luthers Table has found itself since day one. The cafe costs about $30,000 a month to operate but typically brings in only about $20,000. They cover the shortfall with grants from the ELCA and donations from Luthers Table customers, the Sunday collection plate, and people in the community. The board is in the process of revamping the concept, perhaps downsizing from a full-service restaurant to an easier-to-sustain coffee shop that serves wine and beer.

If we were any other restaurant, we would have closed three months in, Glenn said. But the cool thing about Luthers Table is that people believe in the mission, that having a place to gather for conversation is critical to having Renton become a better place to live and be.

There have been other challenges and stumbles as well. Some, like the establishment's growing popularity among church people, have proved tricky to navigate.

In a lot of ways, Luthers Table has swung to a place where church people hang out, Glenn said. We have gotten away from our mission to be a place for conversation and community for people outside the church. A lot of our recent dialogue is how to come back to that mission to be a place for people damaged by the church.

Among the plans: implementing more dynamic programming such as a lecture series, film nights and trivia nights.

Reclaiming its raison d'être is an ongoing process of discovery for Luther's Table.

The more we can continue to have it be a place that is for people outside the church, that will be our best measurement of success, Buss said.

It's hard to strike the perfect balance, acknowledged Mertes.

It doesn't make sense to anybody

The challenging thing about this place is that it doesnt make sense to anybody, she said. It doesnt make sense to church people. It doesnt make sense to non-church people. There is the tension of standing with one foot in the church and one foot in the world and just staying there and saying, We're good in both places.

The issue of alcohol has been another obstacle. About nine St. Matthew's families who disapproved of the restaurants mix of alcohol and theology left the church when the vision for Luther's Table became clear.

Indeed, when Bishop B. Kirby Unti asked Mertes to present the concept of Luther's Table to the Synod Assembly, a gathering of 400 or so church leaders, she worried about the reaction.

A church setting a stumbling block in front of an alcoholic is more than some people can handle, she said.

But her PowerPoint presentation received a standing ovation. To show its commitment to encouraging moderation, Luthers Table now hosts a weekly Alcoholics Anonymous meeting.

The emphasis on hospitality extends to a group of students with developmental disabilities who come to Luthers Table to learn basic restaurant skills such as how to bus tables, wash dishes and roll silverware. Many other establishments declined to offer the students a similar opportunity, Mertes said.

We are one of two restaurants downtown that let these kids come volunteer. They are a gift to us.

Martha Myers, Renton Lutheran's last pastor, is another volunteer. She has donated her time since Luthers Table opened its doors (the restaurants front façade consists of garage doors that are rolled up in good weather to make the place feel wide-open and welcoming).

Shuttering a congregation is never cause for celebration, but when Renton Lutheran closed its doors the day before her 60th birthday, Myers said she was at peace knowing Luthers Table was in the works.

I was happy, because we made something happen, Myers said. Although she is still sometimes baffled by the essence of Luthers Table, she is particularly pleased with the veterans housing component.

Just the fact that we took over 100 people off the street is so satisfying, she said. This is not a ministry I could ever have imagined. It is a mystery to me -- I never hung out in bars -- but I think its great. I don't know that anyone thinks we did the wrong thing.

Questions to consider:

  • What are your church’s core values? In what new ways and new forms might they be expressed?
  • Where do you have conversations about “things that actually matter?” Do they happen at your church? If not, why?
  • How specifically does your church make your city or town a better place to live and be?
  • How can your church “not make sense” and defy people’s expectations about church?
  • What is your church’s reason for being? What can the church do to keep it in focus?